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Black Current - Ribes nigrum, Zone 2

Black currants are vigorous, multi-stemmed bushes that fruit on both old and new wood, but the latter carry the best crops and so cultivation aims to feed and prune the plants to continually renew the stems. Black currant fruits are a good source of minerals and vitamins, especially vitamin C. They have diuretic and diaphoretic actions, help to increase bodily resistance to infections and are a valuable remedy for treating colds and flu. The juice, especially when fresh or vacuum-sealed, helps to stem diarrhea and calms indigestion.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
4 feet
4 feet
Full sun
Well drained/light



Black Elderberry - Sambucus Canadensis, Zone 3

The American Elderberry, (Black Elderberry) Sambucus canadensis, is a deciduous, upright shrub. It produces black or purple berries that are great for wildlife and jams and jellies. It has light gray or brown bark and is arching in form. Produces attractive flowers and berries all season long. Flattened panicles of small white flowers are produced in midsummer. This plant is a showy ornamental ideal for the garden. The American Elderberry has a fast growth rate. It grows up to 12 feet in height and 10 feet in spread. Prefers moist soil and full sun. Native to North America.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
5/12 feet
5/10 feet
Full sun/light shade
Moist soils



Bloodtwig Dogwood - Cornus Sanguinea, Zone 2

Very hardy shrub-form that can grows up to 10 feet tall. Hardy from Zones 2 to 9, they grow well in full sun to half shade, with moisture conditions varying from wet to dry. The deep red-purple colored stems are very attractive, especially in the winter bleakness, and these are plantable nearly nationwide as hedges or specimens.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
6/15 feet
6/15 feet
Full sun/partial shade
Moist/well drained



Bridal Wreath Spirea - Spirea prunifolia 'plena', Zone 3

Upright slender arching branches create a fountain-like form that holds blue-green leaves. Showy white flower clusters make this a spectacular spring accent. Terrific for hedges. Deciduous. Full sun to light shade. Moderate-growing to 6 feet high, equal width.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
6 feet
6 feet
Full sun/light shade
Moist/well drained



Forsythia - F.x 'Northern Gold', Zone 3

Upright shrub with gray-yellow branches and golden yellow flowers in spring. Outstanding flower color and bud hardiness. Foliage is a rich, beautiful dark green color.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
7 feet
6 feet
Full sun
Moist/well drained



French Lilac - Syringa vulgaris, Zone 3

French lilacs grow 12 feet high and at least 8 feet wide. Clusters of fragrant flowers appear in mid spring. Lilacs need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. Prune immediately after flowering, as next years flowers are formed during the summer. Water during dry spells for the healthiest plants. It may take 3-6 years for a lilac to become established after planting. They are worth the investment and can live over 300 years!

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
8/15 feet
8/10 feet
Full sun
Moist/well drained



Burning Bush - Euonymous alatus, Zone 3

Sensational accent or hedge desired for the intense scarlet red fall coloring. Interesting compact, mounded form displays attractive rich green leaves spring through summer. Deciduous and cold hardy. Full sun. Moderate grower to 6-8 feet tall and wide.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
5/6 feet
5/6 feet
Full sun
Moist/well drained



Gooseberry - Ribes hirtellum, Zone 3

Gooseberries are deciduous shrubs, fast growing under optimum conditions to 3 feet tall and 6 feet wide. The plant is suitable for training as a standard. American types have weeping stems that will root wherever they touch the ground and can be invasive. Annual growth is in a single flush in spring. The roots are superficial, fine and easily damaged by frequent cultivation. The fruit, borne singly or in pairs at the axils, is a berry with many minute seeds at the center. A gooseberry may be green, white (gray-green), yellow, or shades of red from pink to purple to almost black.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
3 feet
6 feet
Sun/partial shade
Moist/well drained



High Bush Cranberry - Viburnum trilobum, Zone 2

The high bush cranberry is a native shrub of easy culture which combines the advantages of edible fruit with year-round ornamental value. The shrubs produce flat-topped masses of white flowers, which subsequently give rise to clusters of lustrous red fruit. The flower clusters are a distinctive feature of this plant because each cluster is composed of two different types of flowers. The showy flowers found around the outside of each group are sterile, while the less conspicuous flowers toward the center of the cluster are fertile. As an added bonus, the fruit clusters remain on the plant through winter where their vivid red colour brightens the landscape and they serve as a food source for a variety of birds and mammals.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
10 feet
10 feet
Full sun/partial shade
Moist/well drained



Hydrangea - Annabelle, Zone 3

The most popular, familiar and beautiful Hydrangea, 'Annabelle' reaches 3 to 4', in a wet year 6', tall and at least as wide. The 8 week flower show begins in July when the erect, one foot in diameter hortensia flowers begin as light green turning pure white, later maturing to brown. As the white color fades cut them off, remove the leaves and hang them to dry. They are wonderful in natural indoor arrangements or can be painted for more color. Best grown in normal garden soil in full sun to partial shade.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
3/5 feet
3/5 feet
Sun/partial shade
Rich/porous/moist



Hydrangea Grandiflora - Hydrangea paniculata, Zone 4

The Grandiflora Hydrangea, Hydrangea paniculata, is a common Canadian garden plant and highly valued for its vigor and bloom dependability. Sterile flowers appear in August and remain on the plant until the first hard frost. The large conical shaped white flower heads turn to pink in the fall with gray-green leaves. Sent to America from Japan in 1861, this continues to be one of the best-loved varieties. The blooms can easily be used for drying. 6+ foot height at maturity.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
6/12 feet
6/12 feet
Full sun/partial shade
Widely adaptable



Japanese Dwarf Flowering Quince - Chaenomeles japonica, Zone 4

Dwarf Japanese Flowering Quince is a genus of 3 species of deciduous, spiny shrubs from mountain woodland in Japan and China. They are favored for their coral-orange coloured flowers, which appear from early summer. Apple-like edible fruits appear in autumn though these are normally removed to conserve energy for growth. Tolerant of heat, cold and variable soils.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
3 feet
6 feet
Full sun/partial shade
Moist/well drained



Japanese Tree Lilac - Syringa reticulata, Zone 4

Japanese Tree Lilac is an excellent oval shaped small tree. It produces large 5-6" clusters of small, fragrant, creamy-white flowers in late June-early July when few other trees are blooming. This plant flowers profusely when established, so much so that it looks as though there are white clouds around the tree. Plant crown is quite dense especially in young trees. Fruit is a capsule that turns from light green to brown as it matures. Bark is quite dark with noticeable white lenticels, resembling bark of cherry trees.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
20/30 feet
15/25 feet
Full sun
Well drained



Lilac - Syringa 'President Grevy', Zone 2

Lilac 'President Grevy' is an excellent double-flowering, medium blue with immense clusters of starry-shaped florets. With a light fragrance sure to stir the emotions, it's delicate flower captivates every gardener. This upright plant (12' tall and 6' wide) offers double lilac-blue flowers arranged in large clusters.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
6/15 feet
6/15 feet
Full sun
Moist/well drained



Mock Orange - Philadelphus coronarius, Zone 4

Mock orange is a beautiful and fragrant shrub, loosely branched, up to 10 feet in height. The overall shape of the shrub is generally rounded. The numerous flowers are fragrant (like citrus), with 3-11 flowers in a terminal raceme. The 4 showy white petals surround numerous yellow stamens. The flowers are about 3 cm in diameter.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
10/12 feet
10/12 feet
Full sun/light shade
Moist/well drained



Mugho Pine - Pinus Mugho, Zone 3

Mugho Pine is a shrub or small, round or broad pyramidal plant 4 to 10 feet tall which grows best in sun or partial shade in moist loam. It comes from Alpine Europe. The dark green, 1 - 1 1/2 inches long, stiff needles of this two-needle Pine are held on the tree for more than four years making this one of the more dense Pines suitable for a screen planting. Most other Pines are not suited for screens since they loose their inner needles and lower branches, as they grow older.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
4/6 feet
4/8 feet
Full sun
Sandy/well drained



Ninebark - Dart's Gold, Zone 2

The Ninebark 'Dart's Gold', Physocarpus opulifolius 'Dart's Gold', is named for its broad three-lobed golden spring foliage, which turns lime green in the summer. This fine shrub is also notable for its wide arching branches tipped with pink-dusted white flowers. Dart's Gold is a very adaptable deciduous shrub. It will tolerate dry conditions. Place in full sun to light shade. This Ninebark has golden leaves, white flowers, red fruit, papery bark, and is attractive in winter. Rejuvenate by pruning to base in the spring.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
4/5 feet
4/5 feet
Full sun
Moist/well drained



Ninebark - Diablo, Zone 3

'Diablo' is an easy growing shrub that is very hardy (zone 3-7) and adaptable to a wide range of conditions. It is tolerant of many soils, preferring a well-drained site. It will take some shade but will have the best color in full sun. Reaching 5-6' high and 4-5' wide, this will do great in back of the perennial garden or mixed in shrub borders, or even as a foundation plant. The flowers and foliage are great for cutting. This can be a great replacement for Purple sand cherry in landscapes.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
6 feet
4/5 feet
Full sun
Well drained



Potentilla - Abbotswood, Zone 3

Potentilla is a deciduous shrub that does best in full sun and will flower all summer if trimmed in late June or July along with fertilizer and water. The white flowers are borne atop the tips of the new growth. It is best to thin this plant in late winter by cutting back about one third of the stems near the ground (older stems only). Potentilla also serves as a butterfly nectar source and a host for butterfly larvae. This 3' high white flowering selection has large blooms set off against dark blue-green foliage. This cultivar is rated one of the best white selections.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
3 feet
3 feet
Full sun/partial shade
Widely adaptable



Purple Sandcherry - Prunus X cistena, Zone 3

Purpleleaf Sandcherry is a beautiful shrub displaying rich purple-red foliage. It has fragrant pink flowers followed by blackish-purple cherries. It is an excellent accent plant for your garden.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
8 feet
8 feet
Full sun
Fertile/well drained



Silver Leaf Dogwood - Cornus alba 'Elegantissima', Zone 3

Grayish-green leaves edged with irregular creamy-white margins on dark purple-red branches make this a very decorative shrub for all seasons. Because the new growth has a more brilliant red colour, prune out 1/3 of the old wood every spring. Thrives in sun or shade in moist, well drained soil.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
7/8 feet
5/6 feet
Full sun/partial shade
Fertile/well drained



Spirea - Goldflame, Zone 3

Dwarf habit with flowers of bright crimson. The foliage is soft yellow in summer. Thrives in sun or partial shade. Height 2 ft.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
2/4 feet
1/2 feet
Full sun
Well drained



Virginia Creeper - Partenocissus quinquefolia, Zone 3

The Virginia Creeper, Parthenocissus quinquefolia, is a fast-growing, high-climbing vine that attaches itself with tendrils which expand, disk-like, on their tips. The deciduous leaves that radiate outward from a leaf stem, like spokes on a wheel. Each leaflet is about 3"-7" long and an inch or two wide. The leaves turn fiery red in fall and are very showy. The individual flowers are tiny and inconspicuous, and arranged in elaborate long-stemmed clusters, with each flower at the tip of its own flower stem. The berries are blue-black, less than a half-inch across and much relished by birds. The Virginia Creeper is a fast growing, clinging vine good for covering walls or fences. Deep burgundy red fall colour with small blue fruits. Bird attractor.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
40 feet
Unlimited
Full sun
Moist/well drained



Weigelia - Bristol Ruby, Zone 4

Vigorous, deciduous, upright shrub, producing spectacular dark red flowers from late spring to early summer. This tree form version raises the height of what can be a low shrub.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
6 feet
7 feet
Full sun
Well drained



Weigelia - Java Red, Zone 4

The Weigelia 'Java Red', Weigelia florida 'Java Red', is one of the oldest Weigelias. It is a dwarf, only rarely exceeding four feet of height, making it at its biggest half the size of the majority of Weigelias. Due to its compact habit it is one of the least prone to ranginess when left unpruned, though some degree of ranginess seems inescapable even with a compact dwarf. This compact, mounding shrub displays attractive red buds that open to deep pink blooms. The deep green foliage has an interesting purplish cast. This plant is useful as a background planting, summer screen or in shrub borders. This shrub is deciduous.

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
3/4 feet
3/4 feet
Full sun
Widely adaptable



Weigelia - Minuet, Zone 3

Enjoy a spectacular display of fragrant rosy-pink blooms of ruby-red on exterior, lilac-purple lobes with yellow throat against a backdrop of purple-tinged foliage. Use in shrub borders or as garden accent. Deciduous. Full sun. Moderate grower, mounding to 3 feet tall, 5 feet wide. Dwarf compact habit. Dark green leaves become tinged purple as summer progresses. Rich rosy-purple bell-like flowers. (ht. 3 ft.)

Height
Spread
Light
Soil
3 feet
5 feet
Full sun/partial shade
Moist/well drained